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AN00150430-00000119-0340  
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タイトル
タイトル 「シバジ」考 : 韓国朝鮮における代理母出産の民族学的研究  
カナ 「シバジ」コウ : カンコク チョウセン ニ オケル ダイリハハ シュッサン ノ ミンゾクガクテキ ケンキュウ  
ローマ字 "Shibaji"ko : Kankoku Chosen ni okeru dairihaha shussan no minzokugakuteki kenkyu  
別タイトル
名前 Perspective on 'Ssi-baji' surrogate motherhood : ethnological studies on Surrogacy in Korea  
カナ  
ローマ字  
著者
名前 渕上, 恭子  
カナ フチガミ, キョウコ  
ローマ字 Fuchigami, Kyoko  
所属 南山大学南山宗教文化研究所  
所属(翻訳)  
役割  
外部リンク  
 
出版地
東京  
出版者
名前 三田哲學會  
カナ ミタ テツガクカイ  
ローマ字 Mita tetsugakukai  
日付
出版年(from:yyyy) 2008  
出版年(to:yyyy)  
作成日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
更新日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
記録日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
形態
 
上位タイトル
名前 哲學  
翻訳  
 
119  
2008  
3  
開始ページ 337  
終了ページ 372  
ISSN
05632099  
ISBN
 
DOI
URI
JaLCDOI
NII論文ID
 
医中誌ID
 
その他ID
 
博士論文情報
学位授与番号  
学位授与年月日  
学位名  
学位授与機関  
抄録
'Ssi-baji' means, literally a 'womb for rent', so-called a 'surro-gate mother'. In Chosun era (1392-1910), because of Confucian morals, it had been regarded as the most important obligation toward ancestors to give birth to the son to carry on the paternal family line. The 'yang-ban' (the governing classes in Chosun era) nobleman who had not been blessed with his male heir to hold the Confucian service for his ancestors employed a 'ssi-baji' woman to have sexual relations with him on behalf of his lawful wife unable to conceive in order to make her bear his son. She had secretly borne a baby boy in order to hand over it to him after giving birth, pretending that his lawful wife had borne his son. A 'ssi-baji' woman who was a surrogate mother giving birth to a male heir "by profession" for a respectful 'yang-ban' family got a lot of reward such as arable land when she had borne a baby boy. However, she could not get anything but a bite of grain as the expenses for bringing up her child if she had borne a baby girl. The baby girl was taken home together with her and her daughter also became a 'ssi-baji' woman like as her mother. The social status and occupation of a 'ssi-baji' woman had been succeeded by the maternal line, and 'ssi-baji' women who rent out their wombs to live had been actually existing until before the liberation from Japanese colonial rule. In my paper I'll examine the historical backgrounds that a 'ssi-baji' woman who was not a secondary wife but a professional surrogate mother giving birth to a male heir had been needed among respectful childless 'yang-ban' families in Chosun era. In the age of Chosun-Dynasty, it was actually impossible for respectful 'yang-ban' family member to divorce or keep a mistress even though his lawful wife was unable to give birth to a son be-cause of the reputation of his family. In those days the descend-ant whose mother was a mistress had been prohibited from holding a government post even if his father was a 'yang-ban' noble-man. It was no use keeping a mistress in order to obtain his son, for his descendants from the illegitimate would have no chance of success in 'yang-ban' society. Therefore, in the 'yang-ban' society in Chosun era that paternal line had been highly estimated, a 'ssi-baji' woman of noble descendent blood whose biological father was a 'yang-ban' nobleman and whose origin didn't surface was suitable for a surrogate mother of a respectful 'yang-ban' family's male heir. Although the class system in Chosun Dynasty was officially abolished in 1894, a 'ssi-baji' woman, as a means of obtaining son, didn't actually disappear in Korea where 'son-preference' due to Confucian tradition since Chosun era had been deeply rooted. Since 1950s infertility treatments such as artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization have been introduced in Korea, gestational surrogacy with these infertility treatments have come to be carried out by a surrogate mother so-called 'a present-day ssi-baji' woman, in place of a former 'ssi-baji' in Chosun era. The technology of infertility treatments have made it possible to conceive without sexual intercourse, and recently highly developed assisted reproductive technologies have made it also possible to 'rent' only a womb in order to bear a baby boy with sex-selection technology of IVF (in vitro fertilization) surrogacy. The development of assisted reproductive technologies has made a former 'ssi-baji' woman in Chosun era change into 'a present-day ssi-baji' to rent her womb and bear a baby boy which is not related to her by blood, a literal 'womb for rent', which has been causing serious bio-ethical problems on surrogate mother-hood in contemporary Korea. In my paper I'll study these bio-ethical problems on the 'ssi-baji' surrogate motherhood in contemporary Korea from the standpoint of ethnology.
 
目次
序「シバジ」 : 韓国の代理出産母のルーツ
I. 「シバジ」の民族誌 : 映画『シバジ』にみる朝鮮時代の代理母出産と祈子習俗
II. 「シバジ」の身分層形成の時代背景
 1. 父系血統主義 : 血筋のよい「借り腹」としての「世襲シバジ」
 2. 「七出三不去」の礼法 : 女性に対する儒教教化と両班に対する離婚抑制策
 3. 「庶孽禁固」 : 両班の妾の子孫達に対する差別
III. 韓国朝鮮の文献史料にみる「シバジ」
 1. 「シバジ夫人」 : 韓国の代理母出産研究の先駆
 2. 朝鮮時代後期の実学派にみる「シバジ」研究の系譜 : 男尊思想の定着による祈子習俗の浸透
IV. 「現代版シバジ」の群像 : 生殖技術の発達による「シバジ」の変貌
おわりに 韓国の代理母出産問題の根源を探る「シバジ」研究
 
キーワード
a 'ssi-baji' woman  

surrogate motherhood  

ancestor worship  

carrying on the paternal family line  

son preference  
NDC
 
注記
第2部 民俗宗教から観光研究まで
投稿論文
 
言語
日本語  
資源タイプ
text  
ジャンル
Journal Article  
著者版フラグ
publisher  
関連DOI
アクセス条件

 
最終更新日
Oct 04, 2010 09:00:00  
作成日
Oct 04, 2010 09:00:00  
所有者
mediacenter
 
更新履歴
 
インデックス
/ Public / 文学部 / [哲学] 哲学 / 119 (200803)
 
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