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AN00150430-00000029-0001  
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本文公開日
 
タイトル
タイトル 実存と状況  
カナ ジツゾン ト ジョウキョウ  
ローマ字 Jitsuzon to jokyo  
別タイトル
名前 Existence and Situation  
カナ  
ローマ字  
著者
名前 務台, 理作  
カナ ムタイ, リサク  
ローマ字 Mutai, Risaku  
所属 慶應義塾大学  
所属(翻訳)  
役割  
外部リンク  
 
出版地
東京  
出版者
名前 三田哲學會  
カナ ミタ テツガクカイ  
ローマ字 Mita tetsugakukai  
日付
出版年(from:yyyy) 1953  
出版年(to:yyyy)  
作成日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
更新日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
記録日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
形態
 
上位タイトル
名前 哲學  
翻訳  
 
29  
1953  
3  
開始ページ 1  
終了ページ 23  
ISSN
05632099  
ISBN
 
DOI
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抄録
In the philosophy of existence, even the definition of the word "existence" constitutes a pretty difficult problem and advocates of such philosophy themselves have not succeeded in finding a proper definition which would be satisfactory to all of them. However, in short, I believe I can define existence as "total-subjective being of man." Here "total being" must bot be construed as an absolute, perfect and eternal entity. On the contrary, "total being" indicates existence as a finite being which is fully aware of its finiteness. As Blaise Pascal pointed out in his "Pensees sur la Religion," man is hung halfway between being and nothingness. The position halfway between being and nothingness is, in German philosophical terminology, called "Grenzsituation." I mean by "total being" man's existence seen in its Grenzsituation. Now "subjective being" indicates existence as ceaseless projection of itself toward the future. Human existence is an effort to pull itself toward the future. Existence is always thrust toward the cliff of nothingness and, if it should cease projecting itself toward the future, it would soon be engulfed into nothingness. Man must be constantly vigilant in his effort of projecting himself toward the future. Like Jesus who kept His last vigil praying at Gethsemane while His disciples had fallen asleep, man must be on the watch for the future (Leo Shestov, La Nuit de Gethsemani). Thus I mean by "subjective being" man's existence in its ceaseless effort of projecting itself toward the future. Man as a finite being cannot escape death, illness, suffering, conflict, sin and so forth (Grenzsituation). Existence to be analyzed by the philosophy of existence is human being in this Grenzsituation. But we must note that human being finds itself also in history. In this sense, human being is a historical existence. Any existence that finds itself in history is subject to change in accordance with the principle of sufficient reason. Even the Grenzsituation changes its meaning in history, in as much as the limitation of man is in a sense historical. Grenzsituation, expressed in another way, is the forfeiture of man's self. Man's forfeiture of self occurs in history and its meaning changes with the history. When we understand existence as historical existence which is subject to change, we can override our limitations and elevate ourselves above the pit of nothingness. Philosophy of existence in the form thus far conceived does not seem to have grasped the meaning of Grenzsituation from the viewpoint of historical existence. My monograph is an attempt to clarify the meaning of "existence" from various angles by casting light on it from the viewpoint of historical existence.
 
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日本語  
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最終更新日
Aug 24, 2010 09:00:00  
作成日
Aug 24, 2010 09:00:00  
所有者
mediacenter
 
更新履歴
 
インデックス
/ Public / 文学部 / [哲学] 哲学 / 29 (195303)
 
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