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AN00100104-20000300-0095  
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タイトル
タイトル タキーザーデとイラン立憲思想(上)  
カナ タキーザーデ ト イラン リッケン シソウ (ジョウ)  
ローマ字 Takizade to Iran rikken shiso (jo)  
別タイトル
名前 Taqizade and the Iranian constitutional thought  
カナ  
ローマ字  
著者
名前 佐野, 東生  
カナ サノ, トウセイ  
ローマ字 Sano, Tosei  
所属 慶應義塾大学大学院文学研究科博士課程  
所属(翻訳)  
役割  
外部リンク  
publisher  
出版地
東京  
出版者
名前 三田史学会  
カナ ミタ シガクカイ  
ローマ字 Mita shigakukai  
日付
出版年(from:yyyy) 2000  
出版年(to:yyyy)  
作成日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
更新日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
記録日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
形態
 
上位タイトル
名前 史学  
翻訳 The historical science  
69  
2  
2000  
3  
開始ページ 95(263)  
終了ページ 114(282)  
ISSN
03869334  
ISBN
 
DOI
URI
 
JaLCDOI
NII論文ID
 
医中誌ID
 
その他ID
 
博士論文情報
学位授与番号  
学位授与年月日  
学位名  
学位授与機関  
抄録
Seyyed Hasan Taqizaade (1878-1970) played an important part in political, diplomatic, and cultural fields in the 20th century's Iran. He was active as a nationalist and constitutionalist during and immediately after the Iranian Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911). In this article, we discuss his nationalism and constitutional thought by analyzing his two writings, firstly, Tahqiq-e Haalaat-e Konunia-ye Iaraan baa Mohaakemaat-e Taariakhia (An Analysis of the Present Situation of Iran through Historical Judgement) , an article written in 1904-05, immediately before the Revolution, and secondly, his articles in the Persian newspaper Kaave, written from 1916 to 1921 in Berlin. In the former article, Taqizaade evaluates Iranian history from the ancient times to the contemporary era with an 'objective' stance based on historical evidences. He appreciates ancient Iran to be prosperous, but does not overestimate it, attributing the main cause of its decline to the internal corruption of rulers, which resulted in the Arab conquest. According to him, the Arabic conquest was a cause of Iran's stagnation, but the Mongolian conquest caused a more disastrous effect, after which a disparity in the level of civilization between Iran and the West began to expand. However, the Qaajaar dynasty has been unaware of it, continuing internal despotism. Taqiazaade makes two proposals to reform this corrupted situation, the first, the introduction of Western constitutional system, and the second, the introduction of Western sciences and educational system. On the whole, compared to the extreme nationalistic tendency at that time admiring the ancient history and traditions of Iran without any criticism, he seemed to be a relatively moderate nationalist. In the articles of Kaave, Taqizaade takes even more critical stance towards the sociopolitical situation of Iran during and after the Revolution. He criticizes the new elite class who participated in the Revolution with enthusiastic patriotism, but gradually became extreme nationalists or mere politicians. At the same time, he is very critical of the ignorance of the masses, who have been easily influenced with the extreme patriotic propaganda, or begun the shallow imitation of politicians in the excessively political trend after the Revolution. Also, the moral corruption of a part of 'ulama (clergy) with an extreme inclination to the Islamic law is criticized. According to him, these problems are the obstacles to found a complete constitutional system in Iran. This indication is quite significant in order to reassess the role, in particular, of the masses in the Revolution, which seems to have been often 'negative' from his point of view. Taqizaade suggests these problems stem from a lack of the exact comprehension of Western sciences and political system. Therefore, he advocates educational reform with the primary purpose of the expansion of a literacy rate among the masses. In comparison with the former article, Taqiazaade stresses the importance of educational reform instead of political reforms in Kaiave. However, we can see in his two writings the same belief in establishing an modern nation-state on the basis of the moderate nationalism.
 
目次
はじめに
第一章 タキーザーデの初期立憲思想
 第一節 思想的背景
 第二節 『歴史的裁定によるイラン現状分析』
  a 古代イラン
  b アラブ・モンゴル征服
  c サファヴィー朝,カージャール朝
 
キーワード
 
NDC
 
注記

 
言語
日本語  
資源タイプ
text  
ジャンル
Journal Article  
著者版フラグ
 
本文URI
 
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最終更新日
Mar 30, 2012 09:00:00  
作成日
Mar 30, 2012 09:00:00  
所有者
mediacenter
 
更新履歴
 
インデックス
/ Public / 文学部 / [史学] 史学 / 69 (2000) / 69(2) 200003
 
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