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AN00150430-00000067-0091  
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Title
Title 文字認知における自動性の形成  
Kana モジ ニンチ ニ オケル ジドウセイ ノ ケイセイ  
Romanization Moji ninchi ni okeru jidosei no keisei  
Other Title
Title  
Kana  
Romanization  
Creator
Name 小谷津, 孝明  
Kana コヤヅ, タカアキ  
Romanization Koyazu, Takaaki  
Affiliation 慶應義塾大学文学部  
Affiliation (Translated)  
Role  
Link  

Name 髪櫛, 久美子  
Kana ビングシ, クミコ  
Romanization Bingushi, Kumiko  
Affiliation 慶應義塾大学文学部心理学専攻:(現)松涛幼稚園  
Affiliation (Translated)  
Role  
Link  
Edition
 
Place
東京  
Publisher
Name 三田哲學會  
Kana ミタ テツガクカイ  
Romanization Mita tetsugakukai  
Date
Issued (from:yyyy) 1978  
Issued (to:yyyy)  
Created (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Updated (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Captured (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Physical description
 
Source Title
Name 哲學  
Name (Translated)  
Volume  
Issue 67  
Year 1978  
Month 3  
Start page 91  
End page 116  
ISSN
05632099  
ISBN
 
DOI
URI
JaLCDOI
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Ichushi ID
 
Other ID
 
Doctoral dissertation
Dissertation Number  
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Abstract
An experiment was performed to clarify the acquisition process of automaticity in reading letters. First, a set of artificial (modified Sanskrit) letters were displayed one by one in random order with utterance of their names. The task of the subject was to remember and spell out those letters with their associated phonetic names on a strip of answer sheet. Next, taking up the strip, the experimenter displayed each letter for 500 msec, which the subject was asked to read aloud as fast and correctly as possible. The reading latency was repeatedly measured so as to obtain the latency vs. trials curve, even after the subject got able to spell all the letters without any error. The latency curve showed, in the asymptotic state, the acquisition of automatic processing of letter identification. The curve was composed of two different phases, which might be related to correct identification and correct spelling. Thsose phases were different in the absolute value level as well as in the time constant. But not so systematic was the difference among letters used as learning materials which differed in the number of features. The traditional theory of simple skill-learning and also that of feature analysis seemed to be inappropriate to explain all those results. For better interpretation a new hypothesis of topo-plastic image matching was proposed. It assumes plastic matching between one synthesized visual image and one memory image, but not element-to-element matching between so called the perceptual and the memory ;vectors. In that sense, it is a modified template matching. Under the hypothetical model, the first phase of the latency curve is conceived of as the gradual development of automatization of the topo-plastic matching mechanism which would reach the asymptote if the memory image was built infallible. The second phase, on the other hand, was interpreted as that of vocal naming, the asymptote of which converged on to the latency value level for familiar letters.
 
Table of contents
鋳型照合と特徴分析
示差的特徴リストと判定原理
特徴分析と知覚学習的視点
特殊文字の読み・書き実験
 目的
 方法
 結果
結論
 
Keyword
 
NDC
 
Note

 
Language
日本語  
Type of resource
text  
Genre
Journal Article  
Text version
publisher  
131.113.194.249
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Last modified date
Sep 21, 2010 09:00:00  
Creation date
Sep 21, 2010 09:00:00  
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History
 
Index
/ Public / Faculty of Letters / Philosophy / 67 (197803)
 
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