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AN00100104-19700300-0013  
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Title
Title アシジの聖フランシスとカタリ派  
Kana アシジ ノ セイ フランシス ト カタリハ  
Romanization Ashiji no Sei Furanshisu to Katariha  
Other Title
Title St. Francis and the Cathars  
Kana  
Romanization  
Creator
Name 坂口, 昂吉  
Kana サカグチ, コウキチ  
Romanization Sakaguchi, Kokichi  
Affiliation 慶応義塾大学文学部  
Affiliation (Translated)  
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Link  
Edition
 
Place
東京  
Publisher
Name 三田史学会  
Kana ミタ シガクカイ  
Romanization Mita shigakukai  
Date
Issued (from:yyyy) 1970  
Issued (to:yyyy)  
Created (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Updated (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Captured (yyyy-mm-dd)  
Physical description
 
Source Title
Name 史学  
Name (Translated) The historical science  
Volume 42  
Issue 4  
Year 1970  
Month 3  
Start page 13(379)  
End page 39(405)  
ISSN
03869334  
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Abstract
In the high middle ages, various kinds of populer religious movements prevailed all over Western Europe. Among them the most powerful aud determnied enemy of the catholic church was the Cathars. They practiced the severest asceticism, living as nomads, dedicated to poverty and preaching, and wholly without resources. The people were fascinated by the Cathars, and wondered if "true monks" had at last appeared to satisfy their yearnings. However, the Catharist's teaching was not truly Christian, but a melange of material taken from Gospel and dualistic beliefs which were of Manichaean and Gnostic origin. We find that the early Dominicans were incessantly occupied with fighting these heretics and arguing against them. Although this heresy flourished in Italy under the very eyes of St. Francis, it appeared that their beliefs neither acted upon nor influenced nor aroused the reactions of the saint and his followers. We did not find that he was fighting these heretics. It is true that St. Francis and his desciples did not undertake to fight the Cathars by means of polemical preaching. But this does not mean that he did not know of this heresy and its menace to the Catholic world. If we examine closely the texts of St. Francis' opuscules, we would be surprised to see that the whole religious life of the saint was quite a contrast to the Catharian teaching. His piety to the only one God, his admiration for all the created world including worldly possessions, his passionate love of the humanity of Christ, and his vivid experience of the real presence of Christ within the eucharist were silent but most powerful refutations to the dualism of the Catharists, This dualism rested upon the antagonism of two Gods, one of evil intent, the other of spiritually good. In this, we can surmise that St. Francis knew thoroughly about the'Catharist's teaching and its danger to orthodox Christianity. He undertook to overcome these difficulties by the example of his religious life itself.
 
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Language
日本語  
Type of resource
text  
Genre
Journal Article  
Text version
publisher  
131.113.194.249
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Last modified date
Jan 19, 2012 09:00:00  
Creation date
Jan 19, 2012 09:00:00  
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Index
/ Public / Faculty of Letters / The historical science / 42 (1969) / 42(4) 197003
 
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