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タイトル
タイトル Labor market trends and policies in Japan after 1990 : a review of recent studies and policy evaluation  
カナ  
ローマ字  
別タイトル
名前  
カナ  
ローマ字  
著者
名前 早見, 均  
カナ ハヤミ, ヒトシ  
ローマ字 Hayami, Hitoshi  
所属 Keio Economic Observatory  
所属(翻訳)  
役割  
外部リンク  
 
出版地
 
出版者
名前 Keio Economic Observatory  
カナ  
ローマ字  
日付
出版年(from:yyyy) 2003  
出版年(to:yyyy)  
作成日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
更新日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
記録日(yyyy-mm-dd)  
形態
[35] p.  
上位タイトル
名前 KEO discussion paper  
翻訳  
 
88  
2003  
11  
開始ページ  
終了ページ  
ISSN
 
ISBN
 
DOI
URI
 
JaLCDOI
NII論文ID
 
医中誌ID
 
その他ID
 
博士論文情報
学位授与番号  
学位授与年月日  
学位名  
学位授与機関  
抄録
The Japanese government has introduced public accesses of their own evaluations for selected policiesfrom 2001. According to Government Policy Evaluations Act, both the central and the local governmentshould report every aspect of policies'. The methodology of policy evaluations is still tentative, but atleast, some information on evaluation of the policy effectiveness can be available, otherwise only limitedor no information had been opened.The Japanese economic performance was notorious, as it is often called "the lost decade(s)". WhenI was committed in forecasting the Japanese labor market conducted by the then Ministry of Labour in1992, the assigned GDP growth rate pa for the following decade was 3 per cent. This was the mostauthoritative figure by the Economic Council of the Economic Planning Agency. As a result, theunemployment rate in 2002 by our forecast was 2.2 per cent.2 This figure was obtained by artificiallyintroduced extremely high rate of technical progress, if not, the market would be in severe labor shortage.Actually, the three per cent GDP growth achieved only in a single year 1996, and the unemployment ratewas 5.37 per cent in 2002. This suggests that even two years after the corruption of the stock prices andthe land prices the authority had an optimistic view on the future Japanese economy. The authority'sview was that sometime in future everything would return as in the late 1980s, and the recession was inshort run.In fact, the recovery has not happened for a decade, and now ordinary Japanese people think that itwill never be occurred. Still some of us are dreaming that the assets prices will increase up againwithout any severe restructuring; then heavy non-performing loan shall become huge assets. At the sametime, the Japanese labor market will experience significant labor shortages because of aging, as someexperts often say. But I must add, labor shortages are due to our previous forecast, which has not yetbeen updated. At the moment, youth labor market is not short, judging from higher unemployment ratethan before and from zero or negative growth of wage rate for fresh persons with no experience3.This review attempts to survey recent researches on economic impacts of the Japanese governmentemployment policy under deflationary period. It will contain four parts: (1) a brief description of therecent performance of the Japanese labor market, (2) explanation of legal reforms during the period, (3)case study for employment performances, (4) discussion of the impacts of the policy interventions tolabor markets and production market.The other issues such as "Employment at Will and Prohibition of the Abuse of Dismissal" arediscussed in Sugeno [2002], but not discussed here. Recently, revision of the labor standard lawintroduced the clear statement for prohibition of employer's dismissal right to abuse. Sugeno [2002]points out that employers tends to be more cautious to employ full-time workers because the authorityclearly requires for strict conditions of employer's dismissal for full-time workers. This may cause thelabor market to inflexible, and decrease employment opportunity for younger applicants.
 
目次

 
キーワード
 
NDC
 
注記
June 2003, Revised November 2003
 
言語
英語  
資源タイプ
text  
ジャンル
Technical Report  
著者版フラグ
 
本文URI
 
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最終更新日
Oct 16, 2021 09:08:21  
作成日
Apr 27, 2007 11:11:24  
所有者
mediacenter
 
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/ Public / 産業研究所 / KEO discussion paper / 2-100
 
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